Taurine, an amino acid important in several of the body's metabolic processes, is thought to have antioxidant properties.
It is the most abundant amino acid in white blood cells and plays a vital role in strengthening the immune system. Taurine is an energy enhancing amino acid which aids muscle hydration, making muscles feel fuller. Taurine also helps to moderate calcium and lower cholesterol levels and is a good choice of supplement to help keep the body in overall optimal working order. Through its high potassium content, Taurine is also believed to play a key role in the transportation of serotonin.
Some people take taurine supplements as medicine to treat congestive heart failure (CHF), high blood pressure, liver disease (hepatitis), high cholesterol (hypercholesterolemia), and cystic fibrosis. Other uses include seizure disorders (epilepsy), autism, attention deficit-hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), eye problems (disorders of the retina), diabetes, psychosis and alcoholism. It is also used to improve mental performance, to prevent the side effects of chemotherapy and as an antioxidant. Antioxidants protect cells of the body from damage that results from certain chemical reactions involving oxygen (oxidation).
Researchers aren’t exactly sure why taurine seems to help congestive heart failure (CHF). There is some evidence that it improves the function of the left ventricle, one of the chambers of the heart. Taurine might also improve heart failure because it seems to lower blood pressure and calm the sympathetic nervous system, which is often too active in people with high blood pressure and CHF. The sympathetic nervous system is the part of the nervous system that responds to stress.